Can Americans travel to Canada during the pandemic?

can Americans travel to Canada
Photo via Radek Kucharski/Flickr (CC BY 2.0)
  • Travel restrictions are still in place in Canada through Dec. 21
  • Only certain U.S. visitors are allowed over the border
  • Canada is cracking down on illegal visitors to the country

As the coronavirus cases continue to escalate around the globe, not everyone is welcome to travel internationally. As the U.S. COVID-19 numbers remain some of the highest in the world, many countries are limiting incoming travel from the coronavirus hotspot. But what about its neighbor to the north? Can Americans travel to Canada during the pandemic?

The Canadian government’s website lists everyone who can travel to and enter the country until further notice. On the list are Canadian citizens, dual Canadian citizens with valid paperwork, permanent residents of Canada, protected people, and people registered under Canada’s Indian Act. Foreign nationals, including U.S. citizens, will only be granted entry “if they’re eligible.”

To be eligible to travel to Canada, Americans must either be an immediate family member of a Canadian citizen or be traveling for an essential purpose. All travelers into Canada must quarantine for 14 days. If travelers break quarantine, they could face a fine of up to $750,000 and six months of jail time. If someone were to present “a risk of imminent death or serious bodily harm to another person while willfully or recklessly contravening this act or the regulations,” however, the fine could reach $1 million with up to three years of jail time.

There are slightly looser restrictions around foreign nationals not entering from the U.S. The ban on non-essential travel from the U.S. to Canada has been extended until at least Dec. 21, though it seems likely that the ban will last longer than that. Particularly since Prime Minister Justin Trudeau said on Oct. 14 that the border won’t be open until the U.S. gets a handle on its coronavirus cases (he reiterated that point again on Dec. 1). Soon after that, Canada’s Ambassador to the U.S. Kirsten Hillman said those travel restrictions will likely last into 2021. Which is understandable considering the U.S. keeps setting new records for most daily coronavirus cases.

Many of Canada’s provinces also require face coverings, so travelers who meet the requirements should keep this in mind. 

On Oct. 8, though, the country allowed the extended family members of Canadian citizens and permanent residents to be allowed in the country. According to CTV News, that extends to those people who have been in an exclusive dating relationship for at least one year. Travelers will have to quarantine for at least 14 days before moving around the country.

Canada put out a travel advisory, urging citizens to avoid travel around and outside of Canada, and to stay away from cruise ships completely. The page also recommends that Canadians avoid travel to the United States for the foreseeable future. If not, the government said, “Be aware that commercial airspace closures and movement restrictions can occur without warning and could prevent your return to Canada.”

But Canadians can still fly into the U.S., which is confusing to some. “It’s like having your front door locked but your back door wide open,” U.S. immigration lawyer Len Saunders told the CBC. “It just doesn’t make sense.”

Canada’s border rules prompted CNN to write, “Pandemic travel restrictions have made Americans prisoners of their country.” Some Canadians actually feel sorry for Americans. “Personally, it’s like watching the decline of the Roman Empire,” Sarnia Mayor Mike Bradley told the New York Times.

Americans, who also have made Ireland nervous, that don’t comply with Canada’s restrictions are liable to get in trouble. Candian citizens, concerned about the health risk Americans may present, have been reporting illegal tourists to the authorities. Stubborn American tourists have forced the country to take several precautionary measures to identify legal tourists, including displaying tags in rearview mirrors with a mandatory departure date clearly identified.

As of Nov. 23, Canada has suffered more than 387,000 coronavirus infections and 12,000 deaths. The United States, on the other hand, has passed 13.7 million cases and has surpassed 270,000 deaths. But like much of the rest of the world, Canada’s coronavirus cases were exponentially increasing by mid-November.

For now, it seems that the closest Canadians want most Americans to get to their country is probably on the boat tours at Niagara Falls

Read more on traveling during the pandemic:

Sources: The Points Guy, Canada.ca, New York Times, Travel

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