Since the novel coronavirus was first diagnosed in December 2019, every day brings the news that more people have been infected with COVID-19—and more people who have died from the disease. The numbers of coronavirus cases and deaths continue to rise exponentially.
On March 11, 2020, the World Health Organization declared the coronavirus a global pandemic, and since then, the virus has reached all seven continents, 192 countries, and all 50 U.S. states. The best way to stop the spread of the virus is to practice social distancing. But still, hundreds of thousands around the globe have been infected and thousands more have died. Those numbers probably won’t stop rapidly increasing any time soon.
Here are the COVID-19 statistics, including coronavirus cases and deaths, you should know about.
The number of people who have been infected and the number who have died
According to the online interactive map kept in real time by Johns Hopkins, about 178.55 million people around the globe have been confirmed with the coronavirus and more than 3.86 million people have died, as of June 21. In the U.S., more than 33.54 million have been infected, and about 601,800 people have died.
Overall mortality rate
If you look at the Johns Hopkins map and divide the number of deaths that have been reported against the number of cases, the mortality rate would be 2.2% globally and 1.8% in the U.S. It’s hard to know, though, if those numbers are 100% accurate considering the data is constantly updated and improved (and because some studies believe the numbers are vastly underestimated). Some experts, though, claim that the mortality rate, if you include all the asymptomatic people who were never aware they had the coronavirus in the first place, that number drops to 0.65%.
The World Health Organization said in early March 2020 that the mortality rate for coronavirus could be between 3-4% (more specifically about 3.4%), but a more recent study said the mortality rate could be closer to 1.4% in Wuhan, China, where the disease was first diagnosed.
Mortality rates by age
In an early study by the China Center For Disease Prevention and Control, it was estimated that those who are 80 years or older have a death rate of 14.8%. That’s followed by 8.0% for those who are between 70-79 years old and 3.6% for those who are 60-69. For anybody under the age of 10, the death rate is 0.0% (though the first known infant died from the virus on March 28, 2020).
Which U.S. states have the most cases of coronavirus?
The state of New York was a hotspot for COVID-19 at the beginning of the pandemic. Of the approximate 32.94 million confirmed coronavirus cases in the U.S., 2.11 million have come from New York. But by the fall of 2020, California (3.8 million), Texas (2.97 million), and Florida (2.31 million) had passed New York for most cases in the country.
On April 23, 2020, it was reported that 3,000 New Yorkers across the state were randomly tested for the virus, and it showed that 13.9% had been infected. That led Gov. Andrew Cuomo to extrapolate that as many as 2.7 million New York residents have had the coronavirus.
Following Texas, California, Florida, and New York, the states of Illinois, Georgia, Ohio, and Pennsylvania have the most number of cases.
On March 23, 2020, it was reported that Louisiana’s rate of infection was the fastest of any place on earth with an increase of 10 times in a seven-day span, most notably because of the Mardi Gras celebrations in New Orleans. In mid-April, a breakout at a pork-processing plant in Sioux Falls, South Dakota led to the biggest coronavirus hotspot in the U.S. A cluster of 644 people got sick, and the number of positive tests in the state went from 180 to more than 1,100 in a matter of days.
In early May, the rural area of Trousdale County in Tennessee had the highest per capita rate in the U.S. Thanks to an outbreak at a local prison, the known coronavirus cases exploded from 27 to more than 1,3000 in a county where about 11,000 people live.
On May 18, it was reported that by CNN that the Navajo Nation—which includes parts of Arizona, Utah, and New Mexico—has the highest per-capita infection rate of anywhere in the U.S. The Navajo Nation has 2,304.41 cases of Covid-19 per 100,000 people, while New York, the previous leader, has 1,806 cases per 100,000 people. As of May 18, 140 people in the Navajo Nation have died from the coronavirus.
Eight months later, it was reported that Native Americans were dying at nearly twice the rate of white Americans.
By June, coronavirus case numbers in Texas, Arizona, and Florida—states that had drastically loosened stay-at-home restrictions—had increased dramatically. On July 12, Florida set a new nation-wide record with 15,299 new daily cases. By early September, cases were dropping in some of those biggest hotspots, but experts were worried about increasing numbers in the Midwest.
On Sept. 7, India passed Brazil for the second-highest number of cases in the world, though some experts believe India unofficially has even more cases than the U.S.
On Oct. 2, about a month before the election, President Donald Trump announced he had been infected with the virus.
On Oct. 30, the U.S. set a new record with nearly 100,000 new coronavirus cases in a single day, only a day after the previous record had been set with more than 88,000. The U.S. passed that record with more than 104,000 new cases on Nov. 4, more than 116,000 cases on Nov. 5, and more than 125,000 the day after that. By Nov. 11, that figure had risen to 140,543, and the day after that, the number topped more than 153,000. Meanwhile, hospitalizations in the U.S. had risen to their highest levels yet.
On Dec. 2, the U.S. set a record for most cases, hospitalizations, and deaths in a single day, and a week later, the country passed 3,000 deaths in a single day for the first time. As of the beginning of 2021, 1 in 1,000 Americans had died from COVID-19, and on Jan. 7, more than 4,000 Americans died from coronavirus complications.
By mid-January, more than 400,000 Americans total had died, and about five weeks later, the U.S. was set to cross the 500,000 death threshold. By mid-June, it had reached 600,000 deaths. In April, the world passed the COVID death mark of 3 million.