Since the novel coronavirus was first diagnosed in December 2019, every day brings the news that more people have been infected with COVID-19—and more people who have died from the disease. The numbers of coronavirus cases and deaths continue to rise exponentially.
On March 11, the World Health Organization declared the coronavirus a global pandemic, and since then, the virus has reached six continents, 188 countries, and all 50 U.S. states. The best way to stop the spread of the virus is to practice social distancing. But still, hundreds of thousands around the globe have been infected and thousands more have died. Those numbers probably won’t stop rapidly increasing any time soon.
Here are the COVID-19 statistics, including coronavirus cases and deaths, you should know about.
The number of people who have been infected and the number who have died
According to the online interactive map kept in real time by Johns Hopkins, about 31.08 million people around the globe have been confirmed with the coronavirus and more than 961,200 people have died, as of Sept. 21. In the U.S., more than 6.81 million have been infected, and about 199,500 people have died.
Overall mortality rate
If you look at the Johns Hopkins map and divide the number of deaths that have been reported against the number of cases, the mortality rate would be 3.1% globally and 2.9% in the U.S. It’s hard to know, though, if those numbers are 100% accurate considering the data is constantly updated and improved.
The World Health Organization said in early March that the mortality rate for coronavirus could be between 3-4% (more specifically about 3.4%), but a more recent study said the mortality rate could be closer to 1.4% in Wuhan, China, where the disease was first diagnosed.
In Italy, though, the mortality rate is 12.2%. It’s impossible to know if that’s an anomaly or if that percentage will decrease as more people get tested and the results of those tests become available. In all of China, the mortality rate is about 5.3%, while South Korea’s rate stands at 1.6%.
Mortality rates by age
In an early study by the China Center For Disease Prevention and Control, it was estimated that those who are 80 years or older have a death rate of 14.8%. That’s followed by 8.0% for those who are between 70-79 years old and 3.6% for those who are 60-69. For anybody under the age of 10, the death rate is 0.0% (though the first known infant died from the virus on March 28).
Which countries have the most coronavirus cases and deaths?
The U.S. has, by far, the most confirmed cases in the world with more than 6.81 million, followed by India, which has more than 5.48 million cases and more than 87,800 deaths. Though Italy had the most deaths for the first month of the pandemic (it now has more than 35,400), the U.S. passed it for most in the world on April 12. Meanwhile, Brazil has 4.54 million cases and 136,800 deaths, Russia has more than 1.1 million cases and 19,400 deaths, Peru has more than 768,800 cases and more than 31,300 deaths, Colombia has more than 765,000 cases and more than 24,200 deaths, Mexico has more than 697,600 cases and 74,400 deaths, and South Africa has more than 661,200 cases and 15,900 deaths.
Which U.S. states have the most cases of coronavirus?
The state of New York has been a hotspot for COVID-19 for the vast majority of the pandemic. Of the approximate 6.81 million confirmed coronavirus cases in the U.S., 454,600 have come from New York. But by mid-September, California (778,400), Texas (688,500), and Florida (683,700) had passed New York for most cases in the country. Together, the four states combine for about 38% of coronavirus cases in the country.
On April 23, it was reported that 3,000 New Yorkers across the state were randomly tested for the virus, and it showed that 13.9% had been infected. That led Gov. Andrew Cuomo to extrapolate that as many as 2.7 million New York residents have had the coronavirus. But on July 13, it was reported that New York City had suffered no deaths related to COVID-19 in a 24-hour span for the first time in months.
Following California, Texas, Florida, and New York, the states of Georgia, Illinois, and Arizona have the most number of cases.
On March 23, it was reported that Louisiana’s rate of infection was the fastest of any place on earth with an increase of 10 times in a seven-day span, most notably because of the Mardi Gras celebrations in New Orleans. In mid-April, a breakout at a pork-processing plant in Sioux Falls, South Dakota led to the biggest coronavirus hotspot in the U.S. A cluster of 644 people got sick, and the number of positive tests in the state went from 180 to more than 1,100 in a matter of days.
In early May, the rural area of Trousdale County in Tennessee had the highest per capita rate in the U.S. Thanks to an outbreak at a local prison, the known coronavirus cases exploded from 27 to more than 1,3000 in a county where about 11,000 people live.
On May 18, it was reported that by CNN that the Navajo Nation—which includes parts of Arizona, Utah, and New Mexico—has the highest per-capita infection rate of anywhere in the U.S. The Navajo Nation has 2,304.41 cases of Covid-19 per 100,000 people, while New York, the previous leader, has 1,806 cases per 100,000 people. As of May 18, 140 people in the Navajo Nation have died from the coronavirus.
By June, coronavirus case numbers in Texas, Arizona, and Florida—states that had drastically loosened stay-at-home restrictions—had increased dramatically. On July 12, Florida set a new nation-wide record with 15,299 new daily cases. By early September, cases were dropping in some of those biggest hotspots, but experts were worried about increasing numbers in the Midwest.
On Sept. 7, India passed Brazil for the second-highest number of cases in the world, though some experts believe India unofficially has even more cases than the U.S.