Since the novel coronavirus was first diagnosed in December 2019, every day brings the news that more people have been infected with COVID-19—and more people who have died from the disease. The numbers of coronavirus cases and deaths continue to rise exponentially.
On March 11, the World Health Organization declared the coronavirus a global pandemic, and since then, the virus has reached six continents, 188 countries, and all 50 U.S. states. The best way to stop the spread of the virus is to practice social distancing. But still, hundreds of thousands around the globe have been infected and thousands more have died. Those numbers probably won’t stop rapidly increasing any time soon.
Here are the COVID-19 statistics, including coronavirus cases and deaths, you should know about.
The number of people who have been infected and the number who have died
According to the online interactive map kept in real time by Johns Hopkins, about 12.93 million people around the globe have been confirmed with coronavirus and more than 569,600 people have died, as of July 13. In the U.S., more than 3.3 million have been infected, and about 135,200 people have died.
Overall mortality rate
If you look at the Johns Hopkins map and divide the number of deaths that have been reported against the number of cases, the mortality rate would be 4.4% globally and 4.1% in the U.S. It’s hard to know, though, if those numbers are 100% accurate considering the data is constantly updated and improved.
The World Health Organization said in early March that the mortality rate for coronavirus could be between 3-4% (more specifically about 3.4%), but a more recent study said the mortality rate could be closer to 1.4% in Wuhan, China, where the disease was first diagnosed.
In Italy, though, the mortality rate is 14.4%. It’s impossible to know if that’s an anomaly or if that percentage will decrease as more people get tested and the results of those tests become available. In all of China, the mortality rate is about 5.5%, while South Korea’s rate stands at 2.2%.
Mortality rates by age
In an early study by the China Center For Disease Prevention and Control, it was estimated that those who are 80 years or older have a death rate of 14.8%. That’s followed by 8.0% for those who are between 70-79 years old and 3.6% for those who are 60-69. For anybody under the age of 10, the death rate is 0.0% (though the first known infant died from the virus on March 28).
Which countries have the most coronavirus cases and deaths?
The U.S. has, by far, the most confirmed cases in the world with more than 3.3 million, followed by Brazil, which has 1.86 million cases and 72,100 deaths. Though Italy had the most deaths for the first month of the pandemic (it now has more than 34,900), the U.S. passed it for most in the world on April 12. Meanwhile, India has more than 878,200 cases and more than 23,100 deaths, Russia has more than 732,500 cases and 11,400 deaths, Peru has more than 326,300 cases and 11,800 deaths, Chile has more than 315,000 cases and 6,900 deaths, Mexico has more than 299,700 case and 35,000 deaths, and the U.K. has more than 299,100 cases and 44,900 deaths.
Which U.S. states have the most cases of coronavirus?
The state of New York has been a hotspot for COVID-19. Of the approximate 3.3 million confirmed coronavirus cases in the U.S., 12.3% (406,400) have come from New York.
On April 23, it was reported that 3,000 New Yorkers across the state were randomly tested for the virus, and it showed that 13.9% had been infected. That led Gov. Andrew Cuomo to extrapolate that as many as 2.7 million New York residents have had the coronavirus.
Following New York, the states of California, Florida, Texas, and New Jersey have the most number of cases.
On March 23, it was reported that Louisiana’s rate of infection was the fastest of any place on earth with an increase of 10 times in a seven-day span, most notably because of the Mardi Gras celebrations in New Orleans. In mid-April, a breakout at a pork-processing plant in Sioux Falls, South Dakota led to the biggest coronavirus hotspot in the U.S. A cluster of 644 people got sick, and the number of positive tests in the state went from 180 to more than 1,100 in a matter of days.
In early May, the rural area of Trousdale County in Tennessee had the highest per capita rate in the U.S. Thanks to an outbreak at a local prison, the known coronavirus cases exploded from 27 to more than 1,3000 in a county where about 11,000 people live.
On May 18, it was reported that by CNN that the Navajo Nation—which includes parts of Arizona, Utah, and New Mexico—has the highest per-capita infection rate of anywhere in the U.S. The Navajo Nation has 2,304.41 cases of Covid-19 per 100,000 people, while New York, the previous leader, has 1,806 cases per 100,000 people. As of May 18, 140 people in the Navajo Nation have died from the coronavirus.
By June, coronavirus case numbers in Texas, Arizona, and Florida—states that had drastically loosened stay-at-home restrictions—had increased dramatically.