When COVID-19 first reached the U.S. in March 2020 and communities subsequently began to shut down, many people could not imagine living in a pandemic past Easter Sunday. But nearly a year later, when people wonder how long we need to wear masks, experts say the culture of mask-wearing could be the norm for years to come.
In a report from Nature, health experts say the pandemic is here “for the longhaul.” But research has found that hand-washing and wearing masks can dramatically curb the spread of the virus.
“It’s undervalued how much people’s behaviour has changed in terms of masks, hand washing, and social distancing,” Samir Bhatt, an infectious-disease epidemiologist at Imperial College London, told Nature. “It’s nothing like it used to be.”
A research team at Anhembi Morumbi University in São Paulo, Brazil found that if 50–65% of people take precautions in public, then “stepping down social-distancing measures every 80 days could help to prevent further infection peaks over the next two years,” according to the science journal.
“We’re going to need to change the culture of how we interact with other people,” computational biologist Osmar Pinto Neto said.
Other researchers have seen how not adhering to these safety guidelines can take a toll on entire countries. Infectious-disease modeler Jorge Velasco-Hernández at the National Autonomous University of Mexico in Juriquilla said if 70% of Mexico’s population committed to hand-washing and mask-wearing back in March, the country’s outbreak would have begun to decline by June, Nature reported. Instead, the country opened in time for two major public holidays, and cases plateaued.
On Sept. 16, Dr. Robert Redfield, the head of the CDC, said masks might be important to stopping the pandemic than a vaccine, and in October, Dr. Anthony Fauci said masks might be here to stay until late 2021 at least (in Feburary 2021, Fauci amended that estimate to 2022). Even with two vaccines available in the U.S. and with another candidate showing the ability to slow down COVID transmission, people will still need to wear face coverings for the foreseeable future.
Until then, Americans should get comfortable wearing face coverings (of course, finding the best face masks is awfully important, Eric Toner, a senior scholar at the Johns Hopkins Center for Health Security, told CNET
“I think that mask wearing and some degree of social distancing, we will be living with—hopefully living with happily—for several years,” Toner said.
Toner said that face coverings are a way to “control our future.”
“It’s actually pretty straightforward,” he said. “If we cover our faces, and both you and anyone you’re interacting with are wearing a mask, the risk of transmission goes way down. Being outside, having distance between you and other people reduces the risk of transmission dramatically.”
On Oct. 20, the CDC strongly recommended that everybody who is traveling on a plane, train, bus, or other public transportation wear a mask. In January, President Joe Biden mandated that people wear masks on public transportation, and people can be fined as much as $1,500 for not complying.
According to CBC News, Dr. Theresa Tam, Canada’s chief public health officer, echoed that sentiment in a briefing on Aug. 4. She also expressed concern that even once a vaccine is developed, it might be a while before manufacturers can produce enough doses for the entire population.
“We can’t at this stage just put all of our focus [on a vaccine] in the hopes that this is the silver bullet solution,” Tam said. “We’re going to have to manage this pandemic certainly over the next year, but certainly [we are] planning for the longer term of the next two to three years during which the vaccine may play a role but we don’t know yet.”
Until then, remember this: You should STILL be wearing a face mask when you’re around other people.
Read more on coronavirus face coverings:
- Which U.S. states have mask mandates?
- Yes, you should STILL be wearing a face mask during the pandemic
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- Should you be wearing a face mask AND a face shield during the pandemic?
- Americans might not like wearing face masks, but the British disdain it even more
- No, wearing a face mask during the pandemic will not weaken your immune system
- How face masks are affecting the deaf and hard of hearing community
- What’s the difference between an N95, an N99, and a R95 face mask?
- Will face masks become a regular feature of U.S. society after the pandemic?