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Which U.S. states have mask mandates?

Which states have mask mandates
Photo via Phillip Pessar/Flickr (CC BY 2.0)
  • This story is regularly updated for relevance. Last updated: April 5, 2021

Mask mandates have been a hot-button issue since the onset of COVID-19. Reported cases of COVID-19 are still a problem in different states, sparking debate and contention over the mandatory wearing of masks in areas where it is not already a policy. So, which states have mask mandates?

Utah was one of the most recent states to implement a mask mandate following Gov. Gary R. Herbert’s reversal on the policy. The Washington Post reports that Herbert shared a video late on Nov. 8 in which he asked Utah residents to “work together to keep infections low until a vaccine is available.”

In mid-December, Wyoming passed its own statewide mandate for the first time. In mid-March, that mandate was rescinded, as Gov. Mark Gordon said, “I ask all Wyoming citizens to continue to take personal responsibility for their actions and stay diligent as we look ahead to the warmer months and to the safe resumption of our traditional spring and summer activities.”

In February, Wisconsin lawmakers repealed Gov. Tony Evers’ mask mandate, but an hour after the legislative body managed that, Evers issued a new mandate (the state supreme court eventually ruled that he couldn’t do that).

Perhaps making it easier for those governors and state officials to implement a mandate is recent research that shows state mask mandates actually help improve the economy because people feel safer to spend their money on consumer goods in person when everyone inside a store is wearing a face covering.

In mid-February, CDC Director Rochelle Walensky said states that lifted their mandates were acting prematurely. That includes Texas. On March 2, Gov. Greg Abbott said he was lifting the state’s mask mandate, leading to one bar in Houston to declare a “mask off” party. None of it sat well with Matthew McConaughey.

“We still have 100,000 cases a day. We still have somewhere between 1,500 and 3,500 deaths per day,” Walensky told CBS’s Face the Nation. “And yet we see some communities relaxing some of their mitigation strategies. We are nowhere out of the woods.”

Per the AARP, there are currently 33 states, along with the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico, that require masks in some, or all, public settings.

North Dakota had a state mandate, but Gov. Doug Burgum allowed it to expire in mid-January 2021 (many cities, though, will continue with their own mandates). Indiana, meanwhile, is expected to allow its mandate to expire on April 6.

States with mask mandates

Alabama

In Alabama, a mask order took effect on July 16 and will run through Dec. 11. It asks people over the age of six—or from second grade up—to wear a mask in all indoor spaces as well as outdoor gatherings larger than 10.

Arkansas

AARP data shows that since July 20, all people over the age of 10 have been required to wear masks in Arkansas.

California

A mask mandate has been in place in California since June 18. AARP data shows this mandate was updated to include children above the age of 2 on June 29. Younger children remain exempt.

Colorado

In an order which has been extended until Dec. 10, Colorado residents above the age of 10 have a mask mandate asking them to wear a mask indoors and in public spaces. Counties can opt out if they meet benchmarks for public health criteria like declining caseloads.

Connecticut

Exempting children over the age of 2 or otherwise in a childcare setting, a mask mandate that began April 17 requires all that cannot maintain a six-foot social distance to wear a mask in public spaces.

Delaware

Everyone over the age of 12 are required to wear a mask in public. Masks are recommended but not required for children aged 2 to 12.

District of Columbia

According to data from masks4all, the District of Columbia was one of, if not the first, state or territory to enforce a mask-wearing mandate on April 3. In D.C., people are required to wear a mask in most indoor public places. The order was expanded on July 22 to include “any time they are likely to come in contact with another person” and the exemption age was lowered from 9 to 2 by the city’s mayor.

Hawaii

Hawaii’s COVID-19 state of emergency proclamation requires face coverings for customers “at or waiting to enter a place of business,” as well as for employees who come into contact with customers.

Illinois

An Illinois mask mandate applies to anyone over the age of 2 who is unable to maintain a six foot distance. It appears the mandate will last until at least June 2021.

Indiana

According to AARP, “Hoosiers age 8 and up” are required to mask up in most public places. Students in grades 3-12 and teachers are all required to wear masks while on school property.

Kansas

Although Kansas does have a mask mandate, AARP reports that it is all but unenforced. An order asking all over the age of 5 to wear masks was issued in July, but a state law allowing counties to opt out has reduced the order’s effectiveness. As of this writing, 80 of the state’s 105 counties have opted out.

Kentucky

Since July 9, all Kentucky residents over the age of 5 are expected to wear a mask “in situations that represent a high risk of COVID-19 transmission,” which includes the majority of public places.

Louisiana

Masking up is encouraged for children aged 2 to 7, and required for all over the age of 8 in Louisiana. Parishes with less than 100 cases for every 100,000 residents are allowed to opt out of this order.

Maine

Face coverings are required in outdoor and indoor public spaces regardless of age, according to Maine’s mask mandate. On Dec. 11, Gov. Janet Mills strengthened the mandate even more, saying that people must wear masks in ALL indoor public spaces.

Maryland

Everyone over the age of 5 who cannot social distance consistently are required to wear a facial covering in Maryland.

Massachusetts

Like Maryland, anyone over the age of 5 who cannot social distance are required to wear masks in public places. This order was updated Nov. 2 from language specified that masks were required where social distancing “was not possible.”

Michigan

Michigan has a mask mandate requiring those aged 5 and up to wear a mask in most public settings. The mandate was put in place Oct. 5 and renewed Oct. 29 by the state’s Department of Health and Human Services after a similar mandate from Gov. Gretchen Whitmer was deemed invalid.

Minnesota

Children under the age of 5 are exempt from Minnesota’s mask order, but all who work in customer-centric businesses are required to wear a mask. Those who work in cubicle settings with walls above “face-height” or alone are encouraged to “keep a mask handy” for interactions with others.

Nevada

Most people over the age of 9 are required to wear a mask in public places in Nevada.

New Hampshire

On Nov. 19,  Gov. Chris Sununu instituted a statewide mandate that requires everybody over the age of 5 to wear a mask in public spaces. That, however, does not include K-12 students.

New Jersey

Anyone over the age of 2 is required to wear a mask in indoor and outdoor settings. A separate state order requires construction and agricultural workers to wear masks on the job.

New Mexico

The mask mandate in this state is “aggressively enforced,” according to the AARP, with violators subject to a $100 fine. Retailers are required to ensure customers wear masks. This order is distinct in that it also requires people to wear masks in gyms while exercising. 

New York

Since April 17, New York residents have been required to wear masks if they are over the age of 2 and unable to social distance.

North Carolina

The statewide mask order in North Carolina requires those over the age of 5 in both outdoor and indoor public settings to don a face covering.

Ohio

Replacing a system that enforced mask-wearing on a county-by-county basis, this state’s mask order requires those over the age of 10 to wear a mask in public spaces, indoor and outdoor, when they are unable to socially distance themselves. Businesses also must put signs on their doors, showing that masks are required to enter.

Oregon

Residents of this state over the age of 5 are required to mask up in public places, including workplaces. Children between 2 and 5 are recommended to wear masks, but they are not required.

Pennsylvania

Effective July 1, Pennsylvania residents are required to cover their face in all public spaces for ages 2 and up.

Puerto Rico

This territory’s order requires everyong in public spaces to wear a mask.

Rhode Island

Those over the age of 2 who cannot maintain social distance in public spaces are required to wear masks.

Utah

The most recent state to issue a mask mandate, Utah now requires people to wear masks when leaving their homes and interacting with people they don’t live with, according to NPR.

Vermont

All Vermont residents over the age of 2 are required to wear masks in public settings; outdoors, indoors, or generally wherever close contact is “unavoidable.”

Virginia

Everyone in Virginia aged 10 and up must wear masks in indoor spaces with public access. Exceptions have been made for childcare facilities and schools, but employees in customer-facing positions have not been excluded.

Washington

Those aged 5 and up must wear masks in both indoor and outdoor public spaces. This mandate directs businesses to deny entrance to customers not wearing masks and to require employees to don them as well.

West Virginia

Outside their homes and when not actively eating or drinking, West Virginia residents aged 9 and up are required to wear masks in confined indoor spaces or when they are not able to socially distance.

Wisconsin

Those aged 5 and up must don masks in public and enclosed spaces. This includes restaurant seating and public parks.

States that don’t have them

There are 17 states that have yet to implement mask mandates or have lifted prior mask mandates. Alaska, Arizona, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Iowa, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, and Wyoming currently have no statewide mask mandates.

Read more on coronavirus face coverings:

Sources: The Washington Post, Masks4all, NPR, AARP


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